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T&T&@%&:%@&&0&%*>*,&*&0z&z&&* : Acceptance Criteria of Concrete
The Clause 16 (Acceptance Criteria) of IS:456 stipulates about the Acceptance Criteria of the concrete. SubClause 16.1 describes the Acceptance Criteria from Compressive Strength Point of view and SubClause 16.2 describes the Acceptance Criteria from Flexural Strength point of view.
As per Clause 16.1, the concrete shall be deemed to comply with the strength requirement when both the following conditions are met :
The mean strength determined from any group of four consecutive test results complies with the appropriate limits as stipulated below :
Mean of the group of nonoverlapping four consecutive test results should be more than equal to characteristic strength of the concrete plus 0.825 times the established standard deviation (rounded off to nearest 0.5N/mm2) or characteristic strength of concrete plus 3N/mm2 whenever is greater.
The individual test result should be more than equal to characteristic strength of concrete minus 3N/mm2.
As per Clause 16.2, when both the following conditions are met the concrete complies with the specified flexure strength.
The mean strength determined from any group of four consecutive test results exceeds the specified characteristic strength by at least 0.3N/mm2.
The strength determined from any test result is not less than the specified characteristic strength minus 0.3N/mm2.
It is often observed that construction engineer neglects acceptance criteria of the concrete from flexural strength point of view under the argument that flexural strength of the concrete is of no/least importance as in the strength design the tensile strength of the concrete is neglected. But the flexural strength of concrete decides the serviceability criteria like the deflection of the structure.
Hence if we look into Acceptance Criteria from both compressive strength as well as flexural strength point view, it can be concluded that
Mean compressive strength of four consecutive test results must be more than equal to characteristic strength of concrete plus 3N/mm2.
Any test results is not less than specified characteristic strength minus 0.3N/mm2.
For example if the grade of concrete is M25, then to satisfy the Acceptance Criteria the mean compressive strength of the group of four consecutive test results shall be 28N/mm2 (25+3) and the individual cube strength shall not be less than 24.7N/mm2 (250.3).
Now let us look into another Clause of IS: 4562000 i.e. the Clause 15.1.1. The last part of the Clause says
In all cases, the 28 days compressive strength specified in Table2 shall alone be the criterion for acceptance or rejection of concrete The table2 of IS : 4562000 stipulates the specified characteristic compressive strength of 150mm cube at 28 days corresponding to a grade of concrete. A part of the table2 is reproduced below.
Grade designation Characteristic compressive Strength
M25 25N/mm2
M30 30N/mm2
M35 35N/mm2
M40 40N/mm2
This Clause contradicts the Acceptance Criteria of the concrete stipulated in the Clause 16 of the of IS: 4562000.
Again if we consider M25 grade of concrete the compressive strength of 25N/mm2 becomes the criterion for rejection and acceptance of the M25 grade concrete as per Clause 15.1.1. Hence a clarification is required about the Clause which governs, whether the CLAUSE No.16 or ClAUSE No.15.1.1 as far as Acceptance Criteria of the concrete is concerned.
The Clause 15.2.2 of the IS: 4562000 stipulates minimum frequency of sampling of concrete.
Quantity of Concrete (m3) Number of samples
1
2
3
4
51 and above 4 plus one additional sample for each additional 50m3 or part there of.
It further says that at least one sample shall be taken from each shift.
Clause 15.3 of IS: 4562000 while defining Sample says that each sample shall consist of three test specimens.
The test results of sample (Clause 15.4 of IS:4562000) shall be the average of the strength of three specimens. The individual variation should be not be more than plus or minus 15 percent of the average.
When we combine the effect of all these Clauses several situations arise. Let us discuss one situation here.
Situation
Grade of concrete M25
Quantity of concrete 30m3
Concreting done in one shift
Going by Clause 15.2.2 of IS: 4562000 though minimum 3 numbers of samples are required, we need to go for four samples to satisfy Clause 16.1(a) of IS: 4562000. It is assumed that expression Four consecutive test results means four samples test results.
The individual cube test result shall not be less than 24.7N/mm2 (Clause 16.2.b). For individual cube test result of 24.7N/mm2 the maximum allowed sample result shall be 29.05N/mm2 i.e. (24.7/0.85) as per Clause 15.4 of IS: 4562000. Assuming that Other two cubes of the sample yield same strength, the maximum strength of other two cubes of the sample shall be 31.225 N/mm2. If the strengths of the two individual cubes of the sample become 24.7N/mm2, the maximum allowed strength of the 3rd cube of the sample shall be 37.75N/mm2.
Now if all the three individual cubes of the sample yield the strength of 24.7N/mm2, the average strength of other 3 samples has to be more than 28N/mm2 (clause 16.1.a). Assuming that cubes of rest 3 samples yield same strength when the strength of first sample is 24.7N/mm2, the individual cube strength of the other 3 samples shall be 29.1N/mm2.
It can be seen that when we combine all the relevant Clauses of IS:4562000 as far as Acceptance Criteria is concerned, many situations come up and that makes the adoption of Acceptance Criteria as explained in IS:4562000 difficult at construction site.
Issues to solve:
Please indicate if any incorrect interpretations of Clauses of IS: 456 have been made in the above analysis.
Does the Clause No.15.2.1 and Clause No.16 of IS: 4562000 contradicts each other? If it is not so, then applications of both the Clauses may be explained.
What is the meaning of Nonoverlapping Consecutive test results? If a cube of Sample6 yields a result of characteristic strength minus 0.3N/mm2, does the Nonoverlapping test mean the average strength of Sample6, Sample5, Sample4 and Sample3?
Is it possible, to write a simplified Acceptance Criteria for concrete taking into account relevant Clauses of IS: 4562000, which shall clearly tell the construction Engineer when to accept the concrete or to reject the concrete?
What shall be wording of that Acceptance Criteria?
The illustration of the suggested acceptance Criteria with an example shall be highly appreciated.
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