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Urbanisation of Metropolis Surrounding Areas-General Discuss

 
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PostPosted: Mon Nov 19, 2012 3:34 am    Post subject: Urbanisation of Metropolis Surrounding Areas-General Discuss Reply with quote

Urbanisation of Metropolis Surrounding Areas-General Discussion–High Rise<xml><o></o>

1       Development requires accommodation for all citizens after food, clothing are provided<o></o>
2       It is also, true that food is first & paramount requirement, but announcement now itself  states that food may not be available <o></o>
3       Town planning, whether ongoing in NCR or in other parts of nation is haphazard, since high rises are owned, but health & safety are disowned<o></o>
4       Development does not mean just erect buildings in any manner on plea that it is a tall building to show world that we have got so many towers, why compare with others!!!
Town planner should raise a question to itself, regarding why a tall building is required at all for residential use?<o></o>

5       Shall it not be a possibility to develop just multistory?<o></o>
6       Safety of buildings’ occupants should be considered a first consideration<o></o>
7       Operation & maintenance for residential tall towers is not affordable & not affirmative to facilitate convenience as well<o></o>
8       Even though high speed elevators are included for vertical circulation, it consumes enormous energy & time of users<o></o>
9       Occupants are subject to many light & considerable risks all times<o></o>
10  During heavy winds, vibrations cause effects on minds<o></o>
11  Height impacts on occupants’ psychology<o></o>
12  Fire break out can cause disaster to occupants<o></o>
13  During fire break out, it is very difficult to evacuate premises due to fact that elevators would cease operations<o></o>
14  Buildings are not well designed for other disciplines keeping apart structural engineering<o></o>
15  An exclusive consideration is given to air conditioning system for comfort<o></o>
16  Natural ventilation is not regarded to its best application<o></o>
17  Basic criteria of a building should be health, safety, environment & welfare of its occupants<o></o>
18  Since premises are used for household, just production of covered area is not adequate, keeping in view its use<o></o>
19  Occupants must feel safe & happy during occupancy<o></o>
20  Foregoing few points do not amount to criticism, but selective considerations that are condoned by promoters or even architects or town planners during initial stages of planning, while engineers are not even consulted, until structural design comes in to play<o></o>
21  Certain points should be considered prior to making a decision for high rise formation<o></o>
22  Does town or complex plan certainly require high rise component?<o></o>
23  What is required is 70 % open area for landscape at ground, which is preferable environment pro<o></o>
24  Are other ancillary buildings associated with main buildings, accommodate able on available piece of land?<o></o>
25  Can fire water tanks be made available for full time water supply to all areas of buildings fire outlets?<o></o>
26  It is true that gas suppression system would not support in residential accommodation due to fact that fire area should immediately, be sealed for effect, which cannot be made a possibility in a residential premises<o></o>
27  Currently, water supply is effected by pressure supply line, which requires electric supply availability round clock, that may not be a regular solution<o></o>
28  Such solution applies in countries that do not face power shedding<o></o>
29  Consideration should be given to allowance for services areas, which accommodate chillers, package units & other plants & gas units<o></o>
30  All vertical & horizontal runs pertinent services, interface with structure & architecture provisions require high degree of coordination<o></o>
31  Ducting should be provided within covered areas for tunneling in all such services to an extent possible, though it cannot be made fully concealed<o></o>
32  During architectural planning stage itself, structural preliminary coordination should be conducted for avoiding during construction, drastic alterations<o></o>
33  Not only structural coordination with services, but also, with architecture provisions for avoiding disciplinary clashes, since architectural requirement may force unforeseen changes on structural framing members<o></o>
34  High rise & multi level structures would be prone to much higher level of posed clashes during construction leading to holding ongoing activities<o></o>
35  Many times, it has been noticed that even experienced professionals are not able to foresee such clashes among various disciplines<o></o>
36  Just concentration on designing is not adequate to produce artist product<o></o>
37  Construct ability without engineering & technical hardship, banks upon very well on details to be prosecuted<o></o>
38  In addition to construct ability, ease of construction & delivery of quality product too should be considered on a higher level<o></o>
39  Designs are always taken care of by engineers & software, but construction prosecution is conducted by lay persons, who do not value engineering requirement, while even line management is also, not very well informed<o></o>
40  Indeed an attractive external & internal envelope is produced giving good architecture profile supported on space framing, but building skeleton is not evaluated to its expected requirement<o></o>
41  Cost factor should be considered in a manner that an ordinary person may own such apartment in high rise, but cost per unit area his alarmingly, risen going out of pocket of an average person<o></o>
42  Normal apartments are available only in crores forget lakhs, which cannot be called development for people<o></o>
43  To be continued on next posting<o></o>
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 20, 2012 4:06 am    Post subject: Air Conditioning Provisions Within Tall Buildings Reply with quote

Air Conditioning Provisions Within Tall Buildings<xml><o></o>
1.     HVAC is though not related to structure directly, but impacts on its interfaces, which contemplation should be included at design stage itself<o></o>
2.     Current practice to network air conditioning system centrally controlled & super managed by building management system has been in effect for long on state of art basis<o></o>
3.     Such practice has been well affected for normal building & even work satisfactorily for multistory buildings supplying comfort level of conditioned air<o></o>
4.     For tall buildings, requirements always vary & to centrally condition all areas/premises, raise certain questions, which designers should care about<o></o>
5.     What % of premises covered areas shall be affected by occupation of equipment?<o></o>
6.     Shall it be convenient to install all equipment at one level on roof terrace or it would be better to install all on ground level located within service building?<o></o>
7.     Shall it be convenient to locate all such equipment on various service floors if so provided at various heights?<o></o>
8.     Or it shall be better not to opt for central air conditioning system but for other approaches based on state of art technology?<o></o>
9.     All such considerations do require clear answers at preliminary design stage since, all responses impact on technology, floor area ratio & cost budget<o></o>
10.                        Such provisions do impact engineering wise on structural design considerations as well<o></o>
11.                        Main consideration has to be made whether building management system shall be installed including air conditioning or it shall be independent element otherwise<o></o>
12.                        In case of central conditioning response, location of either chillers or package units involve many questions pertinent to respective locations, operational power, weight & plinth bases requirements<o></o>
13.                        Ducting routes for supply as well as for return air do require particular attention for certainly, such network impacts on structure at various locations on all floors<o></o>
14.                        All floors cannot be networked from one equipment location for one location & number of equipment do have limited capacity sufficient for few floors only<o></o>
15.                        Various floors shall be required for various couple of floors satisfactory air conditioning that could affect structural requirements due to plants functioning, which care should be taken for<o></o>
16.                        Indeed false ceiling shall be provided at all floors to conceal ducting & other services network, while in case of services floors, such ceiling may not be required<o></o>
17.                        Since regulators are also, included to control chilled air flow from each occupancy unit, which provision effects working interface with walls, which could be either dry wall lining or brick or block walling depending on requirements<o></o>
18.                        Generally, these days dry lining by cement or plaster boards are preferred from decorative view point but, results are not too satisfactory<o></o>
19.                        Cement boards are used for external areas whereas, plaster or gypsum boards are included for internal<o></o>
20.                        All such wall linings require steel framing/backing, on which lining is installed. Such provisions have been reported not receiving further finishing items such as tiling too satisfactorily<o></o>
21.                         In case of building management system monitoring, further controls are required for gather details from all areas including complete ducting, dampers & attenuators, which require adequate attention at design stages for coordination purposes & respective disciplines interfaces<o></o>
22.                        Wall mounted air conditioning units may not be preferred to be installed on high rise buildings due to general inclusions of external glass envelope, if so provided<o></o>
23.                        Split system may be preferred otherwise for an alternative & for an independent control from each unit but may not be managed for operations by building management system<o></o>
24.                        Such independent split system may be satisfactory from convenience of operations view point for only requirements could be installation of indoor as well outdoor units, which could be installed on wall & small balcony or even fixed on external wall respectively<o></o>
25.                        Further requirement for such cases shall be provision of condensate drains from indoor unit to internal drainage floor drain<o></o>
26.                        But, between two systems, further preference could be extended to centralized split system of conditioning, which may require whole floor to be connected from one single located outdoor unit & all internal mini split units be supplied chilled air from that<o></o>
27.                        Such provision may require a suitable location from an isolated area on floor & if such unit be meant for multi floors, requirement may vary, but such provisions may probably be linked to management system<o></o>
28.                        Centralized air conditioning system is always susceptible to fire, which must be taken care of at design stage<o></o>
29.                        Though fire attenuator, dampers & other control devices are always included within system of ducting & units, yet, there is no surety for any protection<o></o>
30.                        Structure & architecture provisions should be made on whole floor consideration to provide fire resistant walls for at least two hours located within common passages, included with fire doors or emergency doors that could open indirection of running to exit<o></o>
31.                        Proactive thought should be applied at design stage regarding access of voluminous & heavy equipment into building so that relevant walls are not closed prior to equipment being installed<o></o>
32.                        Detailed studies should be made for services that should pass through plenum so that clashes are avoided & interfaces function properly to intended requirements<o></o>
33.                        Many services are installed that generally, run through space between false ceiling & slab soffit/plenum, which must be explicitly defined during design coordination for such studies are not often conducted at right time<o></o>

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 20, 2012 4:07 am    Post subject: Potable Water Distribution To Tall Buildings Reply with quote

Potable Water Distribution To Tall Buildings<xml><o></o>
1.     Without water supplies provisions, building cannot be made functional<o></o>
2.     Tall buildings require attention on a different mode than normal buildings due to fact that plumbing discipline is too complicated for all buildings whatsoever<o></o>
3.     Even, normal buildings cause issues with water supplies for years to come & systems do not function satisfactorily<o></o>
4.     Ours conditions are different than of those nations, where there is no failure of electric supplies throughout day, for we generally, face power cuts on routine basis<o></o>
5.     Centralized water supplies by gravity to all wet areas is not a possibility from one location <o></o>
6.     Central water supplies by pumping to all floors & all areas is also, not a feasible possibility, due to factual requirement of very heavy duty power pumps that could not be a cost effective working system<o></o>
7.     Economical & functional feasibility suggests that various intermittent floors should be used to plant in, sectional water tanks to cater for various floors<o></o>
8.     Such sectional tanks may not pose issues with installations or maintenance as well as, such tanks could be insulated & non insulated<o></o>
9.     If not more, up to 2 m height, sectional water tanks could be installed on relevant service floor at various locations to cater for various wet areas down to service floor, which means that first service floor should supply water from say 5th floor to cater for all five floors<o></o>
10.                        Next service floor could be located on 10th level to cater for down five floors, which all requirements should be considered at schematic design stages & not later<o></o>
11.                        Architect, services engineer & structural engineer must team up to study possibilities & respond accordingly for a satisfactory floor performance related to water distribution<o></o>
12.                        This water distribution should feed all bath rooms, toilets, kitchen, garbage chutes, corridor points if so located, points to cradle equipment if so required for windows cleaning purposes etc.<o></o>
13.                        Location of external tanks to reserve water should also, be decided at design stage, since direct supplies cannot be relied upon for such heavy & continuous use<o></o>
14.                        Overheads tanks cannot supply water by gravity to so high levels, which should be out of considerations for tall buildings<o></o>
15.                        Water reservoirs require to be included on scheme located either below building or in vicinity<o></o>
16.                        We have already preferred to reserve fire water below building, which situation does not suggest locating potable water reservoir there, for which external locations below ground should be selected <o></o>
17.                        One reservoir may not probably suffice for supplies to all locations vertically<o></o>
18.                        Computations shall be required to work out size & number of reservoirs & best locations so that least clashes are erupted  among external services run below ground<o></o>
19.                        Fire water, in no case shall be used for potable water in any case<o></o>
20.                        Provision of pumping equipment shall be required at all locations to all tanking areas vertically, for which respective rooms should be required or basement floors could be used <o></o>
21.                        Since storage of potable water has been preferred at ground, all water pumping system should be located either in basement or otherwise on ground<o></o>
22.                        For too high level floors, interconnecting storage tanks may be opted for to avoid inclusion of very heavy duty pumps at first pumping location<o></o>
23.                        From interconnecting storage tank, further pumping by functional duty pump may be carried out to second location & then to other locations if so designed for<o></o>
24.                        Stand by pump shall also, be required in addition to  duty pumps to meet whatever failure of system or meeting maintenance<o></o>
25.                        Services floors require diligent selection, so that all service relevant to scope floors are properly included, installed & commissioned for regular use<o></o>
26.                        Such pumping system may also, be linked to building management system for better controls, though it is engineering wise, complicated<o></o>
27.                        All provided units shall require locations within & without building, which should be considered during design stage, since pumping arrangement may also, be required on intermittent service floors<o></o>
28.                        Intermittent floors pumping should also, be interlocked to external pumping outside building, so that it can be remotely made functional during emergencies allowing additional water availability on certain floors<o></o>
29.                        It has to be remembered that water distribution system is a complex issue & must be cared by certain qualified professional, who knows installation & performance of such network<o></o>
30.                        Working out computations would certainly help arrive at right capacity of pumping units & requirement of whole system to function proficiency<o></o>
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 20, 2012 6:10 am    Post subject: Safely Working On External Envelope Reply with quote

Safely Working On External Envelope<xml><o></o>
1.     Safety should be considered of prime importance, since life of every worker is at risk, while working on higher levels<o></o>
2.     Safety requires that worker should work with full confidence regarding not being susceptible to falling, not developing adverse psychology by looking down, not be impact to high speed winds, not be impact by sun stroke & does feel comfortable though out working hours, when located at exposed areas<o></o>
3.     Is conventional system used for external scaffolding installation adequate for external working on higher floors around building?<o></o>
4.     Is worker safe while working in weather exposures?<o></o>
5.     Does worker fear psychological issues, while working at heights?<o></o>
6.     Accessing to locations at heights is not an issue, since worker can use winch or other lifting devices provided for such purpose<o></o>
7.     Cup log scaffolding system is used for varying purposes to construct temporary platforms for working purposes, which are considered safe for normal working<o></o>
8.     Since, work requires to be carried out at much higher levels, direct erection throughout may pose many questions pertinent to stability of scaffoldings systems<o></o>
9.     Possibilities to design alternative arrangement to use scaffolding in sections at various heights can minimize considered risks<o></o>
10.                        Contemplations shall be required to be made for arranging intermittent anchorages at various locations vertically, so that scaffolding system in sections can be started from a particular isolated level & not directly, rested on ground or point most below<o></o>
11.                        Such arrangement may be allowed to be made into constructed structure with approvals from engineer<o></o>
12.                        Say 10 levels are covered with one systematic arrangement, meeting requirement for 10 levels, that satisfactory can work for standard cup lock system, without involving higher specifications & dimensioned cup lock system<o></o>
13.                        Further 10 levels could then be charted out separately, but anchored to structure for constituting base support from that level, so that 10 higher levels are covered for successfully working<o></o>
14.                        Sustainable suitable platforms require be fabricated for all working areas, duly provided with strong hand rails & toe board<o></o>
15.                        All working platforms should be hidden from view & workers should not be seen working, for which net shedding or other better means can be provided<o></o>
16.                        View by worker to outside should be avoid during working, so that concentration at activity is continued<o></o>
17.                        Life line provided with full body waist should be provided at all locations at higher levels wherever workers are located anytime<o></o>
18.                        Such provision also, protects worker from sun heat as well as from dust<o></o>
19.                        During dusty weather, work should not be performed & tower cranes etc should stop working<o></o>
20.                        Similar type of arrangements can be made for working within lift wells & major vertical ducts for allied services<o></o>
21.                        Safety should be considered first for a good work keeping in view zero accident policy<o></o>
22.                        Know safety no pain, but no safety know pain<o></o>
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 20, 2012 7:15 am    Post subject: Electrical Supplies To Tall Buildings Reply with quote

Electrical Supplies To Tall Buildings<xml><o></o>
1.     Backbone for successful performance for every building is provision of well balanced electrical power/energy supplies<o></o>
2.     Requirement for a small hospital say a 500 beds could require 25000 KW power depending on various requirements & installed appliances<o></o>
3.     Tall buildings shall certainly require much more regular power supplies during its full occupancy<o></o>
4.     Detailed calculations are required to compute whatever consumption would be required for maximum building use requirement<o></o>
5.     Supplies shall be required for elevators, pumps, HVAC system, internal use of occupancy, common use of occupancy, circulation areas etc. all whatsoever<o></o>
6.     All areas are required to be studied in details by an experienced electrical engineer in coordination with HVAC engineer, so that details of load requirements are charted out with applied factor to reach real requirement<o></o>
7.     Service building housing electrical equipment is required to support tall building <o></o>
8.     Service building should contain switch gears & transformers with supporting installations<o></o>
9.     For a tall building, service building itself would be a normal building<o></o>
10.                        All equipment cannot be installed in basement for proper operations & maintenance <o></o>
11.                        Electrical systems require proper design considerations for every floor to be integrated system wise for a satisfactory, compatibility with electrical power supplies<o></o>
12.                        From floor bus bar to every last distribution board  in each unit, adequate attentions is required to be provided for <o></o>
13.                        All equipment should be considered from detailed drawings, while computing or tabulating power requirements<o></o>
14.                        Such requirement shall dictate to determine transformer & switch gear capacities for purpose of procurement<o></o>
15.                        Supplies should be distributed in various circuits/groups, so that all power ranges required work independently, without affecting other systems as well as, are independently earth<o></o>
16.                        In many cases, all such major services are provided running through an underground tunnel connecting main/tall building to service building, included within utility/services tunnel<o></o>
17.                        In many cases, even car ports are connected to main building/s utilizing utility tunnels<o></o>
18.                        Whatever, could be requirement, relevant structural inclusion should be considered along<o></o>
19.                        From basement areas, adequate drainage is also, required to be provided for so that disposed discharge is conveyed to ground manholes<o></o>
20.                        A deep manhole to comply with discharge level from basement is constructed externally, included with submersible pump for pumping out sewage from it to surface gravity manhole<o></o>
21.                        Such pumping considerations are required to be included with electrical load calculation, since there could be many such pumps to drain out discharge from basement or other lower levels<o></o>
22.                        In certain cases, water treatment custom built plant is also, provided somewhere, outside building to cater for building requirement<o></o>
23.                        In case, building management system is included, considerations should be made accordingly<o></o>
24.                        Since electrical cables would pass through many routes & on electrical trunk routes as well & even penetrate through structural openings in walls or in slabs, adequate degree of coordination with structure must be made<o></o>
25.                        Interface coordination with all other systems provided for or considered should also, be made at all stages of designs & installation phases<o></o>
26.                        Electrical installation can cause issues at whatever time during maintenance or life cycle of building, which is very difficult to control at later stage<o></o>
27.                        Emergency alarm system should be provided for in such cases, so that occupants gather for assembly at relevant floor areas<o></o>
28.                        Building management system should be competent enough to activate automatically, during an emergency for power shut down immediately, whenever it is alarmed & message be sent to fire authorities<o></o>
29.                        Management system should activate pumping to commence with fire water supply to affected areas immediately, after power shut down function is competed<o></o>
30.                        No building of whatever sort or quality or height is considered worth occupying, should it not be safe from all such aspects/adverse impacts, since building is meant for living & not to invite death due to its defective performance<o></o>
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 21, 2012 4:59 am    Post subject: Electrical Standby Supply & Distribution Reply with quote

Electrical Standby Supply & Distribution<xml><o></o>
1       Cannot depend exclusively, on state board supply & distribution of electrical energy to serve occupancies<o></o>
2       Without continuous electricity supplies, vertical movement in buildings stops, which can cause adverse issues<o></o>
3       Some persons can trap in elevators at all levels, jeopardizing lives, which situation necessitates requirement of standby emergency electrical supplies<o></o>
4       Though all services may not require standby supplies, yet necessary services such as water distribution, lifts, electric LEDs, access card system etc. should be provided operational all times<o></o>
5       Such services loads should be calculated for procurement of electrical generators of required capacity, without producing sound & operable at low running cost<o></o>
6       To meet foregoing requirement, selection of suitable location/s should be made either within building or outside accommodation to house in required capacity generators, which could either be automatically activated, if so linked to building management system or else, manual operation be conducted<o></o>
7       Should generator be accommodated within building at one location or designed for various locations, provision has to be considered accordingly, not only from structural view point, but also, from draining & environment view point<o></o>
8       Proper drainage should be considered from such locations to be separately, drained out into oily collection sump or manhole<o></o>
9       Adequate provisions should be made for regular fueling in of equipment, without causing redundant spillage from fuel tank, with included fire preventive measures<o></o>
10  Tall buildings are never singly constructed, but integrated in as a complex surrounded by other ancillary structures, which support & serve it<o></o>
11  Supporting buildings must be made safe on higher consideration than main tall building due to fact that during emergency, supporting buildings must remain intact, until tall building is controlled <o></o>
12  Provision of fire main under dedicated pressure line can be included, provided with all corners fire hydrants, so that immediate fire suppression can be achieved independently of main tall building<o></o>
13  Such line can also, be used if functional, after extinguishing fire of ancillary buildings, for main building as supplementary support for certain heights only<o></o>
14  When building is meant for use by certain equipment, such as medical appliances, which require continuous functioning should also, be included for generator based supplies<o></o>
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PostPosted: Sun Nov 25, 2012 4:45 am    Post subject: Building Management System Reply with quote

Building Management System<xml><o></o>
1       Building Management System (BMS) is a computer based control manager installed in buildings to control and monitor mechanical and electrical equipment, such as provided for ventilation, lighting, power, fire and security etc. <o></o>
2       BMS consists of software and hardware software program, usually configured in a hierarchical pattern<o></o>
3       It is a complex system impacting its significance on performance of buildings throughout its life time enabling ease of service, performance & its protection<o></o>
4       It particularly applies to significant buildings involving immense costs as well as where full time occupancy is considered too high a significance<o></o>
5       Present age requires all heights of buildings include BMS<o></o>
6       Inclusion of BMS involves contributions from all disciplines to make all disciplines’ interfaces work successfully<o></o>
Characteristics<o></o>
1       BMS is most common in large & tall buildings for supporting automatising services. <o></o>
2       Its core function is to manage environment within building, control temperature, carbon dioxide levels and humidity within a building. <o></o>
3       As a core function in most BMS systems, it controls heating and cooling, manages systems that distribute this air throughout building (for example by operating fans or opening/closing dampers), locally controls mixture of heating and cooling to achieve desired/required room temperature. <o></o>
4       A secondary function sometimes is to monitor level of human generated CO2 mixing in outside air with waste air to increase amount of oxygen, while also, minimising heat/cooling losses.<o></o>
5       Systems linked to a BMS typically represent 40% of a building's energy usage, while in case, lighting is also, included, use increases to 70%. <o></o>
6       BMS are a critical component to managing energy demand.<o></o>
7       BMS systems are sometimes linked to access control or other security systems such as closed circuit television (CCTV) and motion detectors. <o></o>
8       Fire alarm systems and elevators are also, sometimes linked to a BMS so as, when a fire is detected, system could shut off dampers in ventilation system to stop smoke spreading, send all elevators to ground floor and park to prevent people from using them in event of a fire.<o></o>
9       Depending on whatever requirements to serve buildings, BMS can be designed to cover demanded scope of services controls<o></o>
Lighting<o></o>
1       Lighting can be turned on, off or dimmed using a building management system based on time of day or on occupancy sensor, photo sensors and timers. <o></o>
2       One typical example is to turn lights on in a space for a half hour, since last motion was sensed. <o></o>
3       A photocell placed outside a building can sense darkness, time of day and modulate lights in outer offices and parking lot.<o></o>
4       Lighting can also, a be linked to BMS control systems enabling to replace dimmers (or turn off) lights <o></o>
5       In newer buildings, lighting control is based on field bus. <o></o>
6       Lamps with ballasts are fully dimmable. <o></o>
Functions of Building Management Systems<o></o>
Four basic functions of a central, computer controlled BMS for building’s facilities mechanical and electrical equipment for comfort, safety and efficiency are<o></o>
1       Controlling<o></o>
2       Monitoring<o></o>
3       Optimizing<o></o>
4       Reporting<o></o>
A BMS normally manages following systems<o></o>
1       Power both low, medium & high<o></o>
2       Illumination of all rage of lux<o></o>
3       Electric power control <o></o>
4       Heating, ventilation and air conditioning HVAC <o></o>
5       Security and observation <o></o>
6       Magnetic card and access <o></o>
7       Fire alarm <o></o>
8       Lifts/elevators etc<o></o>
9       Plumbing <o></o>
10  Burglar alarms, CCTV<o></o>
11  Trace Heating/Heat tracing<o></o>
12  Other engineering <o></o>
13  Home Automation <o></o>
14  Fire alarm and Safety <o></o>
15  Manage sensors of alarm<o></o>
Benefits of BMS<o></o>
Building tenant/occupants<o></o>
1       Good control of internal comfort conditions<o></o>
2       Possibility of individual room control<o></o>
3       Increased staff productivity<o></o>
4       Effective monitoring and targeting of energy consumption<o></o>
5       Improved plant reliability and life<o></o>
6       Effective response to HVAC related complaints<o></o>
7       Save time and money during maintenance<o></o>
Building owner<o></o>
1       Higher rental value<o></o>
2       Flexibility on change of building use<o></o>
3       Individual tenant billing for services facilities manager<o></o>
4       Central or remote control and monitoring of building<o></o>
5       Increased level of comfort and time saving<o></o>
6       Remote Monitoring of plants (such as AHU's, Fire pumps, plumbing pumps, Electrical supply, STP, WTP etc.)<o></o>
7       Central or remote control and monitoring of building<o></o>
Maintenance Companies<o></o>
1       Ease of information availability problem<o></o>
2       Computerized maintenance scheduling<o></o>
3       Effective use of maintenance staff<o></o>
4       Early detection of problems<o></o>
5       More satisfied occupants<o></o>
Note<o></o>
1       Purpose of this explanation is to apprise personnel involved on all types of buildings designs & prosecution activities<o></o>
2       It has to be seen that foregoing systems, when worked on by BMS, can assist buildings from many view points<o></o>
3       Main issues lie in designing, interfacing, finalizing drawings, on site coordination & structural related provisions, which result in intensive communications<o></o>
4       Many areas controls within buildings requires provisions of raised floors which allows runways for relevant structural cabling for BMS<o></o>
5       Such floors further require protection from fire, since large value data are stored in those server rooms, which further demands absolute controls<o></o>
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_________________
Thanks & Warm Regards
IntPE(India)Suraj Singh FIE Civil
Engineering & Arbitration

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