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KARL TERZAGHI - Father of Soil Mechanics

 
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abhyankar
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Joined: 26 Jan 2003
Posts: 94

PostPosted: Tue Nov 02, 2004 11:23 am    Post subject: KARL TERZAGHI - Father of Soil Mechanics Reply with quote

KvT in a nutshell:
Born: October 2, 1883 in Prague
Died: October 25, 1963 in Winchester, Massachusetts
He was married to Ruth D. Terzaghi, a geologist.
He won the Norman Medal of ASCE four times (1930, 1943, 1946, and 1955).
He was given nine honorary doctorate degrees from universities in eight
different countries.
He started modern soil mechanics with his theories of consolidation,
lateral earth pressures, bearing capacity, and stability.

KvT's Publications
The following is a brief list of his major publications, a complete list
has not yet been compiled. A list of his first 256 papers and reports can be
found in From Theory to Practice in Soil Mechanics - Karl Terzaghi by
Bjerrum, et al., John Wiley and Sons, 1960. An update was published by
Geotechnique, March 1964. Recently a private copilation of Terzaghi's works
has been uncovered---see the Terzaghi Libraries and Museums. <terzagi3.htm>
Terzaghi, K., 1925, Erdbaumechanik, Franz Deuticke, Vienna
This is where he presented to the world the new science, Soil Mechanics,
that he developed mainly while working at ITU and Bogazici University (then
known as Robert College) in Istanbul (then known by some as Constantinople).
We have a picture of that campus --The birth place of Soil Mechanics--
<bebek.gif> People who see this photo say "if you worked there you were
bound to invent something." The exact birth place is at the top of the hill,
in that photo, just above the left tower of the castle-- the castle, by the
way, was built by Fatih in 1453. It may be worthwhile to record here that
KvT has done his consolidation tests --the first in history--in cigarette
boxes For the benefit of the younger generations who may not know what a
cigarette box is, here is the background information about cigarette boxes.
<terzagi2.htm>
Terzaghi, K., 1934, "Large Retaining Wall Tests," Engineering News Record
Feb.1, March 8, April 19
This is where he presents his experimental side. He invented very ingenious
tools for measurement of forces and displacements. He apparently designed,
constructed, and performed all his tests himself.
Terzaghi, K., 1943, Theoretical Soil Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons, New
York
In this monumental work he lays it all out: consolidation theory,
settlement calculations, bearing capacity theory, lateral earth pressures
and retaining walls, shear strength and slope stability. In all cases he
makes it clear that he is doing all that to be able to solve real world
problems. He always gives design/analysis charts to make it easier for the
engineer to apply the theories he developed or reorganized and perfected for
practical use.
Terzaghi, K., and Ralph B. Peck, 1948, Soil Mechanics in Engineering
Practice, John Wiley and Sons, New York
The second edition by Ralph B. Peck, 1967
The third edition by Ralph B. Peck and Gholamreza Mesri, 1996

Stories about Terzaghi
KvT's famous Court Appearence <terzagi4.htm> story.
Story contributed by Cameran Mirza, P.E.
KvT was the advisor of one of the earliest doctoral theses awarded at MIT,
Boston, MA, in all engineering fields. It is also said that at the time, it
was believed that engineers were not capable of such things as a doctoral
study.
The grand master's "Home Page" is not complete, as you see. We will accept
any information, advice, and opinion contributed by our readers until 113th
birthday of the Father of Soil Mechanics.

Terzaghi Quotes

http://www.geoengineer.org/terzaghi.html

Karl Terzaghi Lecture

THE AWARD:
This lectureship was established by the Soil Mechanics and Foundations
Division (now the Geo-Institute) of the Society by the solicitation of gifts
from the many friends and admirers of Karl Terzaghi, Hon.M.ASCE. It was
instituted by the Board of Direction on October 10, 1960. Income from the
award fund will be used only to pay for honoraria and certificates. >

The award consists of a certificate and a cash prize determined annually by
and subject to the approval of the Society Awards Committee based on the
income from the award endowment.

CRITERIA:
At about yearly intervals and upon recommendation of the Board of Governors
of the Geo-Institute, the Executive Director will invite a distinguished
engineer to deliver a "Terzaghi Lecture" at an appropriate meeting of the
Society.


Above is a Birth place of - 'SOIL MECHANICS'

1) Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice
Author(s): Karl Terzaghi, Ralph B. Peck, Gholamreza Mesri
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2) Theoretical Soil Mechanics
Author(s): Karl Terzaghi
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3)  From Theory to Practice in Soil Mechanics
Author(s): Karl Terzaghi
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4) From theory to practice in soil mechanics;: Selections from the writings
of Karl Terzaghi, with bibliography and contributions on his life and
achievents,
Author(s): Karl Terzaghi
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